The future of electrification of Africa lies within off-grid generation via renewable energy (RE). Although
many RE projects have started across the Sub-Sahara, especially public projects are seldom successful.
This study engages directly (ethnographically) with the local communities benefitting or expected to
benefit from the projects, the implementing organizations and government.
Despite the differences in culture and understanding, the reasons for failure of the projects are found
to be similar across the different countries: (i) political agenda, (ii) process of awarding projects, (iii)
stakeholder co-operation, (iv) planning & implementation, (v) maintenance and (vi) public acceptance &